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Africa Congo River is Rich in Hydropower Resources

June 10, 2020

As the economic level continues to rise, people also like to choose to travel on holidays, and travel abroad is becoming more and more common. Look at the different worlds outside and explore the best of those worlds. When it comes to the most in the world, everyone will think of many, such as the longest in the world and the Nile River in Africa. But when it comes to the world's largest hydroelectric power generation, there is a river in Africa that is also on the list, and that is the Congo River.



The Congo River, also known as the Zaire River, is located in central and western Africa. It has a total length of about 4,640 kilometers and a drainage area of about 3.7 million square meters. It is the second longest river in Africa, second only to the Nile River and the Congo River Basin. It has the second largest tropical rainforest in the world after the Amazon rainforest in South America, and it accounts for 70% of the total area of tropical rainforests in Africa, but accounts for 25% of the total area of tropical rainforests in the world. Among them, biological resources are very rich.


For the flow of the Congo River, the average depth reaches 220 meters, and the deepest place reaches 250 meters. It is also the deepest river in the world, but there is no river in the world that can exceed the depth of the Congo River. The water flow is the second in the world and is about 1/3 of that of the Amazon River, but the width of the sea is only 1/10 of the Amazon River, so it will lead to such terrible water when the Congo River hits the mainland, and The seabed of the Atlantic Ocean can be torn into large rifts.


Calculating the Congo River by length, it is the second largest in Africa, and is second only to the Nile River. Calculating the Congo River by flow rate, then the Congo River is second only to the Amazon River and is the second largest river in the world. The area of the basin reaches about 4.01 million square kilometers, the Congo River Basin passes through eastern Zambia, most of the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Republic of Congo and Angola and then finally flows into the Atlantic Ocean, where the Congo River is located on both sides of the equator, and the Congo River has abundant precipitation alternation, The average annual flow of water in the estuary is about 41,000 cubic meters per second, and the maximum flow rate is about 80,000 cubic meters per second.


Mainly because the Congo River Basin is dominated by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and such convenient conditions are formed, from the construction of Kinshasa at an altitude of about 270 meters until Matadi builds a large hydropower station of level 3, and the first level is Pio Hydroelectric power station, located on the border of the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Republic of Congo. The second-level Great Britain and the third-level Matadi are all in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, while the Pioka hydropower station uses a water head of 80 meters and plans to install 30 Taiwan, of which the total capacity is about 22 million kilowatts, and the Matadi Hydropower Station uses 50 meters of water head, plans to install 36 units, the total capacity is about 12 million kilowatts, and in the beach section of the British and Canadian Express, the drop at 25 kilometers is 100 Rice is the river segment with the most concentrated hydropower resources in the world.


Africa is a region rich in hydropower resources. Among the power generation components of African countries, hydropower is the most important component. But only 20% of people in Africa can use electricity. The actual development efficiency is less than 9%. At present, African countries are also gradually paying attention to hydropower development. For example, the Ingo Dam, a large-scale water conservancy project being planned in the Congo (DRC), is expected to inject 80 billion US dollars. If it is funded and completed, the Ingo Dam in Congo will have China. The power generation of the Three Gorges Dam is twice that of the world's largest dam.